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Ocean Pollution
I don't have that much science or marine biology background but I have lived near the beach all of my life. As an avid beach goer, I have noticed the increase in plastics, glass, and other forms of...
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California Yellowtail (Seriola lalandi) Population Status
The California Yellowtail (Seriola lalandi), a type of amberjack, is an important species of fish in southern California, and is especially prized as a target for the recreational fishery in...
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Clear plastic water bottle caps disappear in the sand
On the Florida panhandle, I collect trash each day I am on vacation. What I was most surprised about, was what I found the morning after a night of high winds. The winds blew the thick white sands...
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Managing Plastic Pollution
The Philippines is ranked #3 in the world for plastic pollution. When walking along streets, beaches, and rivers, single use plastic items are a glaring reminder of this statistic. Clearly, these...
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Why are the oceans the last Frontier to plunder?
Can we designate the oceans that are not regulated/owned by any countries a UNESCO world Heritage site? Can we protect these areas some how like we are trying to protect the Amazon rain...
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Ocean planning vision for Brazil
Brazilian ocean planning at the EEZ level is still largely fragmented and sectorial, limiting the capacity of the country to efficiently use its associated ecosystems services. For instance, marine...
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Sedimentation is smothering Kenya's coral reefs
The amount of sediment washing out from the Sabaki River seems to be increasing because of development along the river. I see this sediment beginning to smother corals in reef areas that are used by...
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THE LACK OF FORAGE FISH
Forage fish is lacking more and more, while it is essential for our noble fish farming, but also for all the wild marine species from upper trophic levels. For aquaculture, this means to use less...
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MMPA vs. fishery sustainability
The Marine Mammal Protection Act and other similar legislation protects top predators. Fisheries and rebounding populations of these predators compete for common resources, and while fisheries can be...
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Pigeons on piers cause bad water quality and resulting beach warnings/closures
Growing populations of pigeons make coastal piers their homes because of good roosting opportunities and are polluting nearshore waters with their droppings. Water quality testing is commonly done...
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How is light pollution impacting our coastal ecosystems?
Living things depend on light cues for knowing the season, time of day, and depth in the water. In the oceans, many organisms also use living light, bioluminescence, to communicate. As humans develop...
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Identifying Ocean Plastic Sources
Current scientific data indicates 80% of all marine pollutants originate from land-based sources. However, limited research has been conducted on the sources that feed the world's oceans. In order to...
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Where does the seafood on that dinner plate come from?
Seafood is a global business with, in most cases, a large number of intermediate organizations between the fisher and the consumer. It becomes very difficult to track where a particular fish came...
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Diversity Initiative for the Southern California Ocean (DISCO)
Genetic “barcode” technology could let us rapidly identify all the marine invertebrates from environmental samples. That would transform our ability to detect how our coast is responding to the...
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What is the full extent of the global coral reef crisis?
Coral reefs are struggling in many areas of the world due to overfishing, pollution, climate change, and other stressors. Despite the best efforts of scientists and conservation practitioners to...
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Rapidly expanding coastal urban centers pollute South African oceans
The rapid growth of coastal urban centers and coastal tourism sectors in South Africa produce vast quantities of pollution from untreated domestic sewage. This pollution ultimately ends up in the...
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Protecting marine animals from oil spills
As we know there are serious consequences to marine animals due to oil spills in oceans. The recent BP spill left a heavy toll on the marine animals where several species were impacted:...
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Base of Near Shore Food Pyramid Missing
The attached slide show, while not primarily on this subject, explains the problem. We have cut off the supply of nutrients (especially calcium)to our estuaries and the Pacific Ocean through dams...
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How could we make seafood at lower trophic levels more appealing to consumers?
Tuna, swordfish, shark, salmon... Humans like to eat seafood from near the top of the food-chain. Smaller, more plentiful fish are used as bait, turned into fertilizer, and even fed to livestock....
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Reduce trash pollution into Los Angeles's oceans
I enjoy spending time around the Santa Monica Bay, but as a stretch of coast that abuts one the largest urban centers in the world, this beautiful oceanscape is susceptible to lots of urban pollution...
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Can we remove synthetic clothing fibers from waste water before they reach the ocean?
Clothing made from recycled plastic was meant to be a resourceful solution— removing plastic from the waste stream and reducing the negative effects of growing and processing cotton. However, it...
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Outdated Sicilian oil refinery contaminating ocean, seafood, land, and air - birth defects & cancer
Just visited Sicily (7 UNESCO World Heritage sites on this island!) and learned about the terrible contamination from the oil refinery in Augusta, right near the iconic Siricusa. We have heard about...
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Aquaculture still relies on wild fisheries
Marine aquaculture is an increasingly important source of animal protein, but still largely depends on feeding fish meal to fish. How can we farm more healthy fish without increasing the burden on...
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Giant sea bass are not recovering
Giant sea bass (Stereolepis gigas) are the largest reef fish in California, used to be abundant, but are now ecologically extinct and listed as Critically Endangered. Since 1981 California law has...
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Develop a Mobile App to Improve Small-Scale Fisheries - Giving Fishers a Voice
Up to 80% of the world’s fisheries lack the necessary data for traditional fisheries stock assessments to inform management decisions. However, more than 200 million people depend on small-scale...
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Insufficient Buffering Between Human Developments and Ocean Habitat
Challenges to ocean health are all interrelated. Pollution from increased runoff, direct dumping, habitat destruction and ocean acidification are all a direct result of ineffective or insufficient...
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Quantification of plastic ingestion by marine predators.
Understanding the trophic linkages of marine organisms is a central quest of sustainable marine management in the wake of anthropogenic stressors. Of particular concern is the increasing availability...
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water supply--ocean desalination
There is a major push in California to build desalination plants to provide water to coastal communities throughout California. There are, of course, pros and cons. One of the major cons is that...
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Unnatural Beaches
Everyone loves a clean beach. The problem is we all have different ideas of what a "clean" beach is. Around the world, cities / governments spend $$ in cleaning the beaches. That's great for...
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Pelagic fishing gear that only catches what we want to catch
We need to develop pelagic fishing gear that is selective, socioeconomically viable, and can be effectively used by tens of thousands of existing longline vessels in global south/developing...
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Is It Necessary to Kill Marine Fishes and Invertebrates in Order to Count Them?
There are a number of extremely valuable bottom fisheries throughout the world. In many places, the United States being a prime example, the assessments of these fish populations are carried out by...
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Build a cadre of next generation ocean leaders in China
Much of what becomes of the future of our global ocean will be dictated by actions of China. Their influence extends from shaping the status of apex predators like sharks to determining the future of...
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Solar Desalination Aqueduct
Provide arable & potable water from sea...
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Urban Runoff along the Palos Verdes Coast Negatively Impacts Diatom Diversity and Density, Impacts the Marine Ecosystem.
Numerous discharge pipes and spillways deliver wastewater from the communities constructed above the cliffs of Palos Verdes peninsula directly – and intentionally -- into the Pacific Ocean. Despite...
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Reduce collisions betweens whales and ships
Many great whales are far fewer than they once were. Too many such whales are killed in collisions with ships every year. It is unacceptable to see these magnificent animals lost this way. Surely...
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Map global marine aquaculture
Aquaculture, the farming of aquatic animals and plants, is the world's fastest growing food sector and now provides more seafood than wild fisheries. Experts agree that future growth in seafood...
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Science-based management of MPAs
Many scientists are now calling for 30% of the ocean in marine protected areas (MPAs). In the last year, more MPAs have been designated than ever before in history. However, our capacity to manage...
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Using Coral Stress Memory to Restore Coral Reefs
Coral reefs are in peril, with warming oceans causing coral bleaching & mortality on a global scale. Corals are animals in a partnership with symbiotic algae they depend on for survival. When...
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Kill Dead Zones
Dead zones are the byproduct of excessive nutrient loads (N/P). N/P are needed for food/biofuel/biomass sequestration of carbon. Use combination of approaches (e.g., integrated multitrophic...
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Prevent Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals From Washing Down The Drain
We must prevent ocean pollution such as Endocrine Active ingredients (like many high-risk pesticides and ingredients in personal care products) that have the ability to change the sexuality of our...
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Skimming the Problem of Ocean Pollution
Representing a younger generation of ocean conservationists, we feel that ocean pollution is the most important issue affecting our ocean planet. Pollution and trash is everywhere – literally. From...
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Keeping hammerheads alive
Hammerhead sharks are one of the most recognizable and iconic shark species. They are known to aggregate in areas like the Sea of Cortez and Galapagos Islands, but also travel large distances across...
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Bringing Papahānaumokuākea to the People
I ka wā mamua, ka wā mahope The future is in the past To Native Hawaiians Papahānaumokuākea is where all life began and where our kupuna (ancestors) return after death. It’s the place we...
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Protecting Blue Whales and Blue Skies
Vision: Sustainable ocean commerce, clean air, safer whales and a quieter ocean Shipping is the most economical way to move goods, however, its presence comes at a cost to the health of the ocean,...
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Improving Reef Resilience in Palmyra Atoll
Overview Located 1,600 km south of the Hawaiian Islands, Palmyra Atoll in the Central Pacific is remote, isolated and near pristine. Despite its use as a U.S. Navy facility during World War II,...
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How many pollutants are in my fish and seafood?
Industrial chemicals are detected from the depths of the oceans to the poles of the earth, and in the bodies of all people on the planet. These can have particularly adverse effects for the health of...
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How can we create and maintain MPAs, if we do not address the impact from single-use disposable plastic and reduction of plastic pollution?
Without addressing disposable plastic source reduction within the Marine Protected Area (MPA) model, how can we protect and preserve pristine...
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Improve Behavior Change Research to Reduce Ocean Plastics
A lot of work is currently being done across the planet to raise global and local awareness about plastic pollution with the goal of changing behavior. But what research base are we pulling from to...
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How Does Plastic in the Ocean Impact the Food Chain?
We know that toxicants can and do leach from the single-use plastic that surrounds so much of our food and drinks these days. We also know that these and additional toxicants get into the oceans...
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What is the True Life Cycle Cost of Single-Use Plastic? How much does disposable plastic and polystyrene packaging and take away and food containers really cost us?
How much do you typically pay for a to-go box at your local deli? It’s free, right? How much cash do you usually hand over to grab a roll of plastic wrap? A few bucks? Because of its low, low...
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Change the narrative about single-use plastic through excellent visual storytelling
How do we stop it at the source, before it gets into the Ocean and use the Ocean to highlight the global plastic pollution problem. Too many people across the planet have become dependent on the...
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Google any ocean species' picture
Ocean species are disappearing but we have hardly any information on where they are in the first place. Identifying species is hard and beyond the expertise of most people. We need to empower...
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Palau’s unique and fragile ecosystem is in grave danger
The explosion of mass tourism in our region is causing rapid deterioration of the pristine paradise that is Palau and critically endangering its many unique species and ecosystems on which Palauan...
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Get all of the plastics, and trash out of the ocean.
Single use plastic's are the worst environmental issue we face. Hundreds of millions of tons of single use plastic's clog our oceans. By 2050 There will be more plastic in our oceans than fish....
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By saving the whales can we reduce Climate change?
Whales like any animal are made out of carbon, and are so big they each store a lot of carbon. When whales poop, or die naturally, they usually sink to the bottom of the ocean, carrying their carbon...
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coral reef diagnostics - Dr. Doolittle meets CSI on the reef
Mortality is a rather crude indicator of stress, but is still the major means of identify the downward trend of coral health on affected reefs. There are a variety of diagnostic tests applied to...
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Passive Remote Ocean Biological Explorer (P.R.O.B.E)
A major barrier to understanding the distribution of life in the ocean is simply observing biological communities over large geographic areas. Marine biologists need a cost effective, repeat-use...
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suggestion to solve the problem of ships hitting whales
I have a suggestion. There used to be "cow catchers" on the front of trains in the old west. Why can't there be some version of this on the front of ships? Perhaps something that would almost act...
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Build a shark alert network for beachgoers
I love taking my kids to the beach and it is their favorite thing to do on a sunny afternoon. But I can't stop worrying about sharks when they are out there in the water. I know that in 2015 there...
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Aqueduct for Ocean desalination
Desalination processes produce large quantities of brine, possibly at above ambient temperature, and contain residues of pretreatment and cleaning chemicals, their reaction byproducts and heavy...
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